Networking - SAMBA SERVER

For SAMBA server, we need some rpm, which are given below

[root@www root]# rpm -q samba-common


[root@www root]# rpm -q samba-client


[root@www root]# rpm -q samba


Some optional rpm are,

[root@localhost RPMS]# rpm -ivh swat.rpm

[root@localhost RPMS]# rpm -ivh inetd.rpm

The SAMBA'S configuration file is "smb.conf". smb means Server Message Block.

[root@www root]# vi /etc/samba/smb.conf

# This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the

# smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed

# here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options (perhaps too

# many!) most of which are not shown in this example


# Any line which starts with a ; (semi-colon) or a # (hash)

# is a comment and is ignored. In this example we will use a #

# for commentry and a ; for parts of the config file that you

# may wish to enable


# NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command "testparm"

# to check that you have not made any basic syntactic errors.


#======================= Global Settings ==============================


# workgroup = NT-Domain-Name or Workgroup-Name

workgroup = MYGROUP

# server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field

server string = Samba Server

# This option is important for security. It allows you to restrict

# connections to machines which are on your local network. The

# following example restricts access to two C class networks and

# the "loopback" interface. For more examples of the syntax see

# the smb.conf man page

; hosts allow = 192.168.1. 192.168.2. 127.

# if you want to automatically load your printer list rather

# than setting them up individually then you'll need this

printcap name = /etc/printcap

load printers = yes

# It should not be necessary to spell out the print system type unless

# yours is non-standard. Currently supported print systems include:

# bsd, sysv, plp, lprng, aix, hpux, qnx

; printing = bsd

# Uncomment this if you want a guest account, you must add this to /etc/passwd

# otherwise the user "nobody" is used

; guest account = pcguest

# this tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine

# that connects

log file = /var/log/samba/%m.log

# all log information in one file

# log file = /var/log/samba/smbd.log

# Put a capping on the size of the log files (in Kb).

max log size = 50

# Security mode. Most people will want user level security. See

# security_level.txt for details.

security = user

# Use password server option only with security = server

; password server =

# Password Level allows matching of _n_ characters of the password for

# all combinations of upper and lower case.

; password level = 8

; username level = 8

# You may wish to use password encryption. Please read

# ENCRYPTION.txt, Win95.txt and WinNT.txt in the Samba documentation.

# Do not enable this option unless you have read those documents

; encrypt passwords = yes

; smb passwd file = /etc/samba/smbpasswd

# The following are needed to allow password changing from Windows to

# update the Linux system password also.

# NOTE: Use these with 'encrypt passwords' and 'smb passwd file' above.

# NOTE2: You do NOT need these to allow workstations to change only

# the encrypted SMB passwords. They allow the Unix password

# to be kept in sync with the SMB password.

; unix password sync = Yes

; passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u

; passwd chat = *New*UNIX*password* %n\n *ReType*new*UNIX*password* %n\n *passwd:*all*authentication*tokens*updated*successfully*

# Unix users can map to different SMB User names

; username map = /etc/samba/smbusers

# Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration

# on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name

# of the machine that is connecting

; include = /etc/samba/smb.conf.%m

# Most people will find that this option gives better performance.

# See speed.txt and the manual pages for details

socket options = TCP_NODELAY SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192

# Configure Samba to use multiple interfaces

# If you have multiple network interfaces then you must list them

# here. See the man page for details.

; interfaces =

# Configure remote browse list synchronisation here

# request announcement to, or browse list sync from:

# a specific host or from / to a whole subnet (see below)

; remote browse sync =

# Cause this host to announce itself to local subnets here

; remote announce =

# Browser Control Options:

# set local master to no if you don't want Samba to become a master

# browser on your network. Otherwise the normal election rules apply

; local master = no

# OS Level determines the precedence of this server in master browser

# elections. The default value should be reasonable

; os level = 33

# Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. This

# allows Samba to collate browse lists between subnets. Don't use this

# if you already have a Windows NT domain controller doing this job

; domain master = yes

# Preferred Master causes Samba to force a local browser election on startup

# and gives it a slightly higher chance of winning the election

; preferred master = yes

# Enable this if you want Samba to be a domain logon server for

# Windows95 workstations.

; domain logons = yes

# if you enable domain logons then you may want a per-machine or

# per user logon script

# run a specific logon batch file per workstation (machine)

; logon script = %m.bat

# run a specific logon batch file per username

; logon script = %U.bat

# Where to store roving profiles (only for Win95 and WinNT)

# %L substitutes for this servers netbios name, %U is username

# You must uncomment the [Profiles] share below

; logon path = \\%L\Profiles\%U

# All NetBIOS names must be resolved to IP Addresses

# 'Name Resolve Order' allows the named resolution mechanism to be specified

# the default order is "host lmhosts wins bcast". "host" means use the unix

# system gethostbyname() function call that will use either /etc/hosts OR

# DNS or NIS depending on the settings of /etc/host.config, /etc/nsswitch.conf

# and the /etc/resolv.conf file. "host" therefore is system configuration

# dependant. This parameter is most often of use to prevent DNS lookups

# in order to resolve NetBIOS names to IP Addresses. Use with care!

# The example below excludes use of name resolution for machines that are NOT

# on the local network segment

# - OR - are not deliberately to be known via lmhosts or via WINS.

; name resolve order = wins lmhosts bcast

# Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:

# WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable it's WINS Server

; wins support = yes

# WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client

# Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both

; wins server = w.x.y.z

# WINS Proxy - Tells Samba to answer name resolution queries on

# behalf of a non WINS capable client, for this to work there must be

# at least one WINS Server on the network. The default is NO.

; wins proxy = yes

# DNS Proxy - tells Samba whether or not to try to resolve NetBIOS names

# via DNS nslookups. The built-in default for versions 1.9.17 is yes,

# this has been changed in version 1.9.18 to no.

dns proxy = no

# Case Preservation can be handy - system default is _no_

# NOTE: These can be set on a per share basis

; preserve case = no

; short preserve case = no

# Default case is normally upper case for all DOS files

; default case = lower

# Be very careful with case sensitivity - it can break things!

; case sensitive = no

#============================ Share Definitions ==============================

idmap uid = 16777216-33554431

idmap gid = 16777216-33554431

template shell = /bin/false

winbind use default domain = no


comment = Home Directories

browseable = no

writable = yes

# Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons

; [netlogon]

; comment = Network Logon Service

; path = /home/netlogon

; guest ok = yes

; writable = no

; share modes = no

# Un-comment the following to provide a specific roving profile share

# the default is to use the user's home directory


; path = /home/profiles

; browseable = no

; guest ok = yes

# NOTE: If you have a BSD-style print system there is no need to

# specifically define each individual printer


comment = All Printers

path = /var/spool/samba

browseable = no

# Set public = yes to allow user 'guest account' to print

guest ok = no

writable = no

printable = yes

# This one is useful for people to share files


; comment = Temporary file space

; path = /tmp

; read only = no

; public = yes

# A publicly accessible directory, but read only, except for people in

# the "staff" group


; comment = Public Stuff

; path = /home/samba

; public = yes

; read only = yes

; write list = @staff

# Other examples.


# A private printer, usable only by fred. Spool data will be placed in fred's

# home directory. Note that fred must have write access to the spool directory,

# wherever it is.


; comment = Fred's Printer

; valid users = fred

; path = /homes/fred

; printer = freds_printer

; public = no

; writable = no

; printable = yes

# A private directory, usable only by fred. Note that fred requires write

# access to the directory.


; comment = Fred's Service

; path = /usr/somewhere/private

; valid users = fred

; public = no

; writable = yes

; printable = no

# a service which has a different directory for each machine that connects

# this allows you to tailor configurations to incoming machines. You could

# also use the %u option to tailor it by user name.

# The %m gets replaced with the machine name that is connecting.


; comment = PC Directories

; path = /usr/pc/%m

; public = no

; writable = yes

# A publicly accessible directory, read/write to all users. Note that all files

# created in the directory by users will be owned by the default user, so

# any user with access can delete any other user's files. Obviously this

# directory must be writable by the default user. Another user could of course

# be specified, in which case all files would be owned by that user instead.


; path = /usr/somewhere/else/public

; public = yes

; only guest = yes

; writable = yes

; printable = no

# The following two entries demonstrate how to share a directory so that two

# users can place files there that will be owned by the specific users. In this

# setup, the directory should be writable by both users and should have the

# sticky bit set on it to prevent abuse. Obviously this could be extended to

# as many users as required.


; comment = Mary's and Fred's stuff

; path = /usr/somewhere/shared

; valid users = mary fred

; public = no

; writable = yes

; printable = no

; create mask = 0765

ð Now we can configure the samba server. There are some important lines are given below from this file,

18 workgroup=WORKGROUP # windows workgroup

21 server string= Samba Server

28 host allow = 192.168.10

32 printer name= /etc/printcap

33 load printers=yes

189 [ home ] # all information of the user's home directory to share

304 [ myshare ] # you can give the permission of other directory to user

Now, you will start the samba server,

[root@localhost root]# service smb start

ð It will start the server.

[root@www root]# testparm /etc/samba/smb.conf

Load smb config files from /etc/samba/smb.conf

Processing section "[homes]"

Processing section "[printers]"

Loaded services file OK.


Press enter to see a dump of your service definitions

# Global parameters


workgroup = MYGROUP

server string = Samba Server

log file = /var/log/samba/%m.log

max log size = 50

socket options = TCP_NODELAY SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192

printcap name = /etc/printcap

dns proxy = No

idmap uid = 16777216-33554431

idmap gid = 16777216-33554431


comment = Home Directories

read only = No

browseable = No


comment = All Printers

path = /var/spool/samba

printable = Yes

browseable = No

ð It will test the smb.conf file and give all the information which are given in the file.

[root@localhost root]# smbadduser <>:<>

ð It will create samba server's user who can use the samba server. And the user must be create before in the linux system and next you should give the windows user name. Ex.

[root@localhost root]# smbadduser root:administrator

[root@localhost root]# smbpasswd

ð To give the samba user's password. The password is stored in the file called "smbpasswd".

[root@localhost root]# vi /etc/samba/smbpasswd

ð In the file there are many fields to store the information, as name, passwd etc.

[root@localhost root]# smbclient -L <>

ð Show all the information as which directory are share. User etc from the Samba server.

[root@localhost root]# smbclient -L <> -U <>


[root@www root]# smbclient -L -U sumon


Domain=[WWW] OS=[Unix] Server=[Samba 3.0.3-5]

Sharename Type Comment

--------- ---- -------

web Disk Html Project

IPC$ IPC IPC Service (Samba Server)

ADMIN$ IPC IPC Service (Samba Server)

NewPrinter Printer NewPrinter

sumon Disk Home Directories

Domain=[WWW] OS=[Unix] Server=[Samba 3.0.3-5]

Server Comment

--------- -------

Workgroup Master

--------- -------

ð Show the user information.

[root@localhost root]# smbclient -L <>

You can use also SWAT. This is in graphics mode. This is the better way to configure the samba server.

Before you can use SWAT. You need to change two files to enable it. The first file is "services". In this file we should be add a line as,

[root@localhost root]# vi /etc/services

Swat 901/tcp

And the second file is "inetd.conf". In this file, we will add a new line as

[root@localhost root]# vi /etc/inetd.conf

Swat stream tcp nowait.400 root /usr/sbin/swat swat

Now, restart the inetd service. And give the command as,

[root@localhost root]# service inetd restart

[root@localhost root]# killall -HUP inetd

Now open the "Netscape". And in the address box, type as